Comparisons with adjectives and adverbs

Adjectives and adverbs have sầu two things in common. They modify a word and they can show a degree of comparison. Adjectives modify a noun or pronoun. On the other hand, adverbs modify verbs or adjectives.

Bạn đang xem: Comparisons with adjectives and adverbs

You are going khổng lồ learn how to lớn compare two things, two people or two situations using these words that are commonly used in English.


Objective

At the kết thúc of this topic, you will:

Reaffirm how to compare between different people, objects or places through comparative sầu adjectives and adverbs.


Content Comparisons with adjectives

There are some rules khổng lồ form the comparative of adjectives. This has to bởi with the way the adjectives are pronounced. If they are “short adjectives” (one syllable adjectives), they are going to add “-er” at the kết thúc. If the adjective is a two-syllable adjective sầu and it finishes in “y”, the “y” changes lớn “i” & ad “-er”.

And if the adjectives are “long adjectives” (two or more syllable adjectives), they are going khổng lồ have sầu the word “more” before the adjective. You may find this information confusing, but bởi vì not worry. Take a look at the following charts.


As you can see, these adjectives add the suffix –er at the end of the adjective sầu. In case the adjective ends in e, you just need lớn add the r.


Now, take a look at this chart:

Adjective

Comparative

fat

fatter

hot

hotter

big

bigger

thin

thinner


As you can see, these adjectives are similar to the previous ones, they are one-syllable adjectives, but most of them are three-letter words (consonant, vowel, consonant) or their last three letters are consonant, vowel, và consonant. When there are these kinds of adjectives, lớn form their comparative sầu size the last consonant is going to lớn be repeated and they are going lớn add – er to lớn the adjective sầu.


Cheông xã one more time the previous chart:

Adjective

Comparative

fat

fatter

hot

hotter

big

bigger

thin

thinner


Note: One syllable adjectives with three letters ending in –w don’t take the previous rule. They just add the suffix –er after the –w

new – newer. NOT newwer

few – fewer. NOT fewwer


The previous adjectives end in -y. In order to make the comparative sầu of these adjectives, the -y changes khổng lồ an –i & add the suffix –er.


If the adjective doesn’t follow any of the previous rules, you just write the word more preceding the adjective sầu, và the adjective doesn’t suffer any change.


Cheông xã the following chart:

Adjective

Comparative

modern

more modern

boring

more boring

beautiful

more beautiful

handsome

more handsome


The previous examples are comparatives of superiority.

There are also comparatives or inferiority, but these comparatives don’t have a rule. They just take the word less preceding the adjective sầu.

Cheông chồng this examples: Dvuialo.netd is less careful than Mario. A watch is less expensive than a cell phone. The teacher is less angry today. Angie is less sad than yesterday.

Xem thêm: Nghĩa Của Từ Step Down Là Gì, Nghĩa Của Từ Step Down, Nghĩa Của Từ Step


Content Comparisons with adverbs:

Regularly adverbs modify verbs, so we can say that comparative sầu adverbs tell us how an action is performed. Comparative sầu adverbs are formed just lượt thích comparative adjectives are created.

Take a look at these examples: Usain Bolt runs faster than me. My sister arrived home earlier than my mother. Other times, the words more or less are going khổng lồ precede the adverb. This is the case when the adverbs end in –ly. For example: With my new computer I can work more efficiently. He played less confidently after his injury. An adverb can be formed out of an adjective by just adding the suffix –ly at the end. These are called regular adverbs.


But, there are also irregular adverbs. Take a look at this chart:

Adjective

Adverb

Comparative

good

well

better

fast

fast

faster

hard

hard

harder

daily

daily

more daily

straight

straight

more straight

bad

badly

worse


Examples My father drives too fast. NOT My father drives too fastly. Diamãng cầu speaks English well. NOT Diana speaks English goodly. Riông xã always worked hard. NOT Richồng always worked hardly. Justin arrived late to lớn his concert. NOT Justin arrived lately khổng lồ his concert.


Do you compare the members of your family? Some people don’t like comparisons, but sometimes we need to lớn bởi vì them in order to lớn describe our family members. Read the text about Ramiro’s family và choose the best option khổng lồ complete the blank spaces.

*

Reference:fabiennefrancis. (2016). Familia / retrakhổng lồ / sonrienvị . Retrieved on April 6th 2017 from https://goo.gl/OIjrRV


Listening

Activity 2

This pizza tastes better!

Do you have a favorite pizza restaurant? If you bởi, probably you understand Ramiro & his friover Elizabeth while they are comparing two pizza restaurants. Listen to lớn the conversation và answer True or False.

*

Reference:Unsplash. (2016). Pizza vegetariamãng cầu / quesos / comidomain authority italiamãng cầu . Retrieved on April 6th 2017 from https://goo.gl/zIrfvC

First, listen to lớn the audio “Pizza Tasting” so you can answer the activity. Try khổng lồ pay as much attention as you can.

Your browser does not tư vấn the audio element. Activity 2

Writing

Activity 3

Ramiro’s friends

Do you get along very well with your friends? Do you have sầu things in common?

Describe two of your friends using comparative adjectives and comparative sầu adverbs.

You can use the following prompt to lớn guide you:

*

Reference: makunin. (2009). Pareja / personas / blanteo y negro / cara / retrato . Retrieved on April 3th 2017 from https://goo.gl/fBDxbM

These are my friends Josh and Karen. They are a lovely couple. Josh is older than Karen, he is 27 years old & she is 25. Josh is also taller. Karen is more lãng mạn than hyên. They like going camping. Josh is less argumentative than Karen, but Karen is more serious. When they invite me to eat, I have seen that Josh eats faster than Karen & me. They both work hard.

In order for you khổng lồ check your development before sending your file, kiểm tra out the next rubric.

Xem thêm: " Page Nghĩa Là Gì ? Nghĩa Của Từ Page Trong Tiếng Việt Nghĩa Của Từ Page

Checklist

Speaking

Activity 4

Ramiro’s likes in movies

Do you like movies? What are your favorite movies? This time you are going to lớn compare two of your favorite movies.

Record yourself using Vocaroo or your cellphone. Before you start recording, clichồng on the “Audio” button lớn listen to lớn an example:

Your browser does not support the audio element.
*

References: MichaelGaidomain authority. (2016). Cine / Sala de cine / películas . Retrieved on April 4th 2017 from https://goo.gl/ALwFUu